Sex ratio at birth (SRB) has seen a decline in 17 out of 21 large states of the country, with Gujarat recording an alarming dip of 53 points, said a report released by the Niti Aayog which stressed the need to check sex-selective abortion.
Among the 17 states which recorded substantial drop of 10 points or more, Gujarat saw the SRB fall to 854 females from 907 females per 1,000 males born – a drop of 53 points from 2012-14 (base year) to 2013-15 (reference year) in this indicator.
Gujarat is followed by Haryana, which registered a drop of 35 points, Rajasthan (32 points), Uttarakhand (27 points), Maharashtra (18 points), Himachal Pradesh (14 points), Chhattisgarh (drop of 12 points ).
“There is a clear need for states to effectively implement the Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) Act, 1994 and take appropriate measures to promote the value of the girl child,” the report stated.
According to the report, improvement in SRB was witnessed in Punjab, which registered a rise of 19 points, followed by Uttar Pradesh (10 points) and Bihar (9 points).
Sex ratio at birth is an important indicator and reflects the extent to which there is reduction in number of girl children born by sex-selective abortions, the report added.