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In states like Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Nagaland and Bihar, fewer than 50 percent of rural households have electricity

After completing three years of its stipulated term, the Narendra Modi government has some good results to show, going by the economic and political parameters. Its decision to roll out the new GST regime and the demonetisation drive are the major highlights of its tenure. But there are some key sectors in which the government has underperformed.

Access to electricity was one of the key electoral promises which the government has failed to fulfil. According to its own data, only eight percent of the villages have been electrified out of the 18,452 villages identified for electrification. Only 1,089 villages have achieved household connectivity as of May 25, 2017, according to data available with the power ministry’s Grameen Vidyuktikaran (GARV) dashboard, reported Business Standard.

Fewer than 50 percent of rural households have electricity in states like Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Nagaland and Bihar. In figures, 25 percent (45 million) of rural households still have no electricity.

In an interview with IndiaSpend, Abhishek Jain, senior programme lead at the Council on Energy, Environment and Water, said, “Two challenges to electrifying households are: One, many poor households cannot afford to pay the upfront cost of connection, which ranges from Rs 2,000 to Rs 3,000 depending on the state, and second, even if they get connections, the supply is far from reliable, so there is no incentive for rural households above the poverty line to connect to the grid.” This is because families below the poverty line get free connections.

The other non-identified key issue which is slowing down India’s investment grade ratings is a difficult business environment in India. According to World Bank, India occupies 130th position in ease of doing business, just above the junk level.

Another failure of the Modi government is in the area of unemployment and creation of jobs. Only 10,000 jobs per month are being created and given the rate of automation, job security, too, has taken a hit.

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