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RBI Deputy Governor Viral V Acharya has resigned from his post, six months before the scheduled end of his term citing “unavoidable personal circumstances”, said media reports.

Confirming the resignation, the Reserve Bank of India in a statement said, “Due to unavoidable personal circumstances, Viral Acharya is unable to continue as deputy governor beyond July 23. Consequential action arising from his letter is under consideration of the competent authority.”

Acharya was not expecting his term to be renewed in any case, The Indian Express (IE) reported, citing source-based information.

Since Acharya was appointed by Appointments Committee of the Cabinet headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the resignation would also be accepted by the panel.RBI Dy Governor Viral Acahrya resigns 6 months before term

Acharya, 45, joined the central bank in January 2017 and was RBI’s youngest deputy governor, post economic liberalisation. He took over at a time when the central bank was facing criticism for repeated changes in the rules related to deposit and withdrawal of money, post-demonetisation.

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His term was scheduled to end in February next year, said media reports. Acharya will be returning to New York University as CV Starr Professor of Economics. Acharya was called as the poor man’s Rajan over the many similarities with the former Governor Raghuram Rajan, who also left RBI against his wishes to continue.

Economists/Experts who quit:

June 2019 – RBI Dy Governor Viral Acharya resigns

Jan 2019 – The last two non-official members of National Statistical Commission resign over job data differences

Dec 2018 – RBI Governor Urjit Patel resigns amid tension with government

June 2018 – Chief Economic Advisor Arvind Subramanian resigns, recently claimed GDP growth rate was way below that claimed

Aug 2017 – NITI Aayog vice chairman Arvind Pangaraiya resigns

June 2016 – RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan resigns

This is the second high profile resignation in the past six months at the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and the third under Modi government (including the previous term). The first to go was RBI governor Raghuram Rajan. In December 2018, governor Urjit Patel resigned nearly nine months before the end of his schedule term over differences with the government. The RBI is now left with three deputy governors NS Vishwanathan, BP Kanungo and MK Jain.

Acharya, in a speech just a couple of months before Patel’s resignation over differences with Modi government, had warned of “risks of undermining the central bank’s independence” as “potentially catastrophic”.

“Governments that do not respect central bank independence will sooner or later incur the wrath of financial markets, ignite economic fire, and come to rue the day they undermined an important regulatory institution,” Acharya had said.

Acharya had also warned of a talent crisis at a central bank if its independence is seen to be compromised. When the governance of the central bank is undermined, it is unlikely to attract or be able to retain the brightest minds that thrive on the ability to debate freely, think independently, and effect changes, attrition of central bank powers results in attrition of its human capital and deterioration of its efficiency and expertise over time, he had said.

An expert in credit risk, Acharya recently differed with Reserve Bank Governor Shaktikanta Das in the monetary policy announced on April 4, according to minutes released by the bank. Das favoured focussing on economic growth with a repo rate cut. Acharya cautioned on another rate cut in the wake of high inflation excluding food and fuel. The six-member Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) decided to reduce the policy repo rate by 25 basis points to 6 per cent in a 4-2 majority decision.

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Acharya’s resignation is the latest in the string of high-profile exits of economic policy makers — Raghuram Rajan, Urjit Patel, Arvind Subramanian and now Viral Acharya and, said Financial Times (FT), calls into question the government’s ability to stomach independent advice. “But that is unlikely to unfaze the government, which no doubt has its own agenda,” FT said.

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