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CIL, Vedanta, Adani coal projects ensuring ‘just’ transition for coal-reliant districts

The administration of sustainable mining techniques in coal projects undertaken by Indian mining firms like Adani Group, CIL, Vedanta, Hindustan Zinc and Hindalco, augurs well for India’s plan to transition from coal to clean energy

As per a latest study, somewhere close to 40 per cent of India’s 736 districts are dependent on coal in some form or the other, be it collecting money from the District Mineral Foundation or through the direct or indirect jobs provided by the coal sector. 

Though the country is all in for the global transition to renewables, substantial work remains, to accomplish a fair transition of the coal-dependent districts. While a collaboration of public and private mining firms like CIL, Hindalco and Adani Group’s coal project contribute towards sustainable mining and project site development, a clear blueprint for the ‘coal-less’ future is in order. 

A ‘just’ transition can be administered only through a comprehensive approach and now is the time to start off with a long-drawn-out plan for the coming coal-less era, while duly considering the interests and implications of the coal reliant communities. 

The latest study by Sandeep Pai, discloses that around 40 per cent of Indian districts are reliant on coal in one way or the other. These areas are either home to coal pensioners or workers, cumulate funds from Direct Mineral Foundation (DMF) or leveraging Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) funding coming from coal mining firms. 

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Private firms like Hindalco, Vedanta, Hindustan Zinc and Adani coal project ensures environment sustainability, rural development and empowerment of the locals through their CSR funding and programs. 

Hindalco Industries spent about INR 38.53 cr allocated to their CSR initiatives in FY 2019-20. Mostly, people from rural India are the beneficiaries of company’s programs, out of which 60 per cent live below the poverty line. The

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