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Happy Constitution Day 2021: Short essays that can make you win competition on Samvidhan Diwas

The Constitution of India was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26th November 1949 and came into force on 26th January 1950. Also known as Samvidhan Diwas, Dr Bhim Rao Ambedkar concluded the drafting of the Indian Constitution and presented it to the Constituent Assembly in early 1948.

This proposal was accepted on November 26, 1949, with a few amendments.

Following India’s independence, the Constituent Assembly delegated the task of drafting the Constitution to a committee led by Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar. Dr Rajendra Prasad, the first President of India, was the President of the Constituent Assembly.

Here are some essays about the Constitution of India.

Essay 1

The constitution of India is one of the lengthiest constitutions in the whole world which contains a preamble, 22 parts with 448 articles, 12 schedules 5 appendices, and 15 amendments. It is the only constitution in the whole world which was handwritten completely in two languages, Hindi and English. The Constitution of India was handwritten by Prem Behari Narain Raizada.

The constitution of India says that the republic of India is a sovereign, socialist, secular and democratic republic. The constitution also celebrates the values of justice, liberty, equality and fraternity for all the people in the country without any discrimination. The constitution of India assures the citizens their economic and political justice, liberty of thought, expression of faith, belief and worship. Although, in recent years certain articles and clauses of the constitution have been overstepped which is a dangerous precedence for the democratic values of the country.

Essay 2

India is a democratic country and its constitution is the largest constitution in the world. Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar created it and because of this, he has been called the father of the Indian Constitution. The Indian Constitution is inspired by the US Constitution.

The Constitution of India was passed on January 26, 1949, and was fully implemented in 1950. It took 2 years 11 months and 18 days to build the Indian Constitution. The first Constituent Assembly was sitting on December 9, 1946. The constitution is divided into 22 parts. It has 465 articles and 12 recommendations. The last meeting of the Constituent Assembly was held on November 24, 1949.

The constitution of Bharata is in written form. It is needed to give the people their fundamental, political and social rights. The Constitution is protected by the Supreme Court. Its head is indirectly the President and is directly used by the Prime Minister and the Chief Minister. All the rules and laws in the Constitution of India are derived from the constitution of different countries.

Essay 3

The Constitution of India is the supreme law of India. It defines the fundamental political principles and establishes the structure, procedures, powers and duties of the government.

It also describes the fundamental rights, directive principles and duties of citizens. The Indian Constitution was passed by the Constituent Assembly on November 26, 1949, and came into effect on January 26, 1950. The date commemorates the 1930 Declaration of Independence.

The Constitution declares India to be a sovereign, democratic republic and promises justice, equality and liberty to all its citizens. In 1976, the words, ‘socialist’, ‘secular’ and ‘integrity’ were added to the definition by a constitutional amendment. Every year, the country celebrates the day of adoption of the Constitution- 26 January- as Republic Day.

The Indian Constitution is the longest written constitution of any sovereign nation in the whole world. It has 395 articles, 12 schedules, and 94 amendments. It also has a Preamble and five appendices. Apart from the English version, an official Hindi translation is also available. The Constitution replaced the Government of India Act, 1935 which was until then the governing document of the country.

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As it is the supreme law of the country, all laws enacted by the government must conform to the constitution. The Preamble describes the basic structure and spirit of the Constitution of India. It does not contain laws that can be enforced in court but no law can be enacted or amended in a way that goes against the spirit of the Preamble.

It also describes the paramount national goals that the government is duty-bound to achieve-justice, liberty, equality and fraternity.

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