Chandrayaan-2, India’s second mission to the Moon, is all set to make a soft landing near the lunar South Pole tomorrow, September 7, 2019 between 1.30 am and 2.30 am.
With its successful landing on the Moon, ISRO will create a history by making India become the first nation to reach closest to the moon’s South Pole and the fourth country after the US, Russia and China to pull off a soft landing on the moon.
The space agency’s Chairman K Sivan has called Chandrayaan 2 the “most complex mission ever undertaken by ISRO”.
ISRO took to twitter to post a cartoon in which the lunar orbiter wishes lander Vikram good luck in the imagined conversation.
“It was great travelling with you so far Vikram. Best of luck! I hope you reach the South Pole soon,” the lunar orbiter says as it releases lander Vikram, which replies, “It was quite the journey indeed! I’ll see you around – in the orbit.” “We have the same wishes for Vikram, Orbiter,” ISRO added.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi tweeted urging the citizens to watch the special moment. He also requested them to share the photographs of the historic mission on social media platforms as the second lunar mission showcases the country’s best talent.
The moment 130 crore Indians were enthusiastically waiting for is here!— Narendra Modi (@narendramodi) September 6, 2019
In a few hours from now, the final descent of Chandrayaan - 2 will take place on the Lunar South Pole.
India, and the rest of the world will yet again see the exemplary prowess of our space scientists.
The Prime Minister, along with 60 schoolchildren from across the country will watch the historic landing live from the space agency’s control room in Bengaluru. The children were selected through an online quiz conducted by ISRO for students of Classes 8 to 10. Twenty questions had to be answered within 10 minutes. All the children who took part in the quiz will be issued a certificate. The PM in a tweet expressed his excitement for the moment.
The youngsters with whom I will watch the special moments from the ISRO Centre in Bengaluru are those bright minds who won the ISRO Space Quiz on MyGov. The large scale participation in this Quiz showcases the interest of the youth in science and space. This is a great sign!— Narendra Modi (@narendramodi) September 6, 2019
As the entire world witness ISRO’s Chandrayaan-2 Moon Landing, Meghalaya’s Shillong Chamber Choir will accompany the space research organisation’s achievement with their soulful and patriotic melody of ‘Vande Mataram.’
The song was composed by Neil Nongkynrih, the master of Shillong Chamber Choir and members of the choir will perform their rendition as Chandrayaan-2 lands on the moon.
Sharing a post of this historic event, the famous Shillong Chamber Choir uploaded a picture on Instagram where the musical group will sing the national song during the satellite landing.
Their official post reads, “With much joy, we are honoured to announce that our song ‘Vande Mataram’, written and composed by Neil Nongkynrih is going to be part of the historical lunar mission of ‘Chandrayaan-2’ as the song plays during the world’s first ever soft landing on the Moon’s South Polar Region, and India being only the fourth country after US, Russia, and China to soft-land on the lunar surface. Watch it LIVE tomorrow, Friday the 6th of September on NatGeo, Hotstar & Star Plus from 11:30pm onwards. Here’s wishing the mission of ‘Chandrayaan-2’ a successful landing.”
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“With great pride and patriotic fervor, the Shillong Chamber Choir is delighted to share the news that the Chandrayaan Mission – 2 will be beamed to billions around the world, and its moon landing will be accompanied by Neil Nongkynrih’s very own Vande Mataram which is sung by the Shillong Chamber Choir,” a statement issued by Shillong Chamber Choir member Damon Lyndem.
The lander Vikram and rover Pragyan’s lifespan is 14 days. After that there will be another 14 days of darkness on the area of the moon where they are, and the temperature could dip to minus 170 degree Celsius. The Chandrayaan 2 orbiter’s lifespan is estimated at one year, but it may keep working longer.
ISRO says other nations are also investing resources to reach the moon’s South Pole. The moon’s craters in the South Pole have been untouched by sunlight for billions of years – offering an undisturbed record of the solar system’s origins. Its permanently shadowed craters are estimated to hold nearly 100 million tons of water.
Considering ISRO’s budget is less than 1/20th of USA’s NASA, a success story for the Rs. 1,000-crore moon mission, which cost less than Hollywood blockbuster ‘Avengers: Endgame’, would be a giant boost for India’s space plans.
According to reports, the moon landing is scheduled to air LIVE on September 6 from 11:30 pm onwards on National Geographic Channel, Hotstar and Star Plus.